On 20th July 2000 the Italian Government established the ‘Giornata della Memoria’, Remembrance Day to remember the victims of the nazi extermination camps. They choose 27th January as it was the day when the gates of Auschwitz were pulled down. Every year there are several events to celebrate this day in every cities of Tuscany. The three flags of Palazzo Vecchio (the European, the Italian and the Florentine) will be flown at half-mast to honour the jewish people and the political prisoners who were deported.
Guided Tours of Florence has picked some events for you: on Sunday 27th at 8.30 pm the Piccolo Teatro Comunale of Florence will perform “Janusz.Il re dei bambini” (“Januaz. The children’s king”) a moving play focused on the little victims of this tragedy. On the same day in Palazzo Medici Riccardi there will be a series of lectures on the memories of the victims of the nazi persecution (from 10 am to 12 pm and from 3 pm to 7 pm) while the windows of the shops in Via Martelli will display the ‘ convict’s handkerchief’. Three totems will be display at the entrance of Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Medici Riccardi and at the track number 6 inside the Santa Maria Novella Station to remember the Florentine victims.
Finally, on Sunday 27 at 12 pm, the ‘Remembrance Train’ will leave from track number 16 of Santa Maria Novella Station with more than 500 students and some survivors to the nazi lagers going to visit the concentration camps of Birkenau and Auschwitsch. Since 2002 this is a tradition in our region that has the aim to educate the younger generations to tolerance.